Reasons for Revelation: A Scholarly Review of Insights Derived from Surah Bani Israel

Authors

  • Dr. Asma Aziz Department of Islamic Studies, GC Women University Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Komal Naz Department of Islamic Studies, GC Women University Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Waqas Ali Haider PhD Scholar, Department of Islamic Studies, University of Okara, Okara, Pakistan

Abstract

Recognized as the literal word of God revealed to Prophet Muhammadﷺ , the Quran serves as an essential guide for ethical conduct, moral principles, and spiritual enlightenment. It plays a pivotal role in guiding Muslims in matters of faith, law, and personal development, offering insights into life’s purpose, solace, wisdom, and a framework for a righteous way of living. The Quran's verses are not only a cornerstone of religious belief but also a source of inspiration and a foundation for Islamic culture and civilization. Understanding the Quranic Sciences, particularly the cause of revelation, is indispensable for grasping the comprehensive messages conveyed within its verses. Surah Bani Israel (Al-Isrāʾ) is noted for its significant number of directives, and knowledge of its Sabab e Nuzul (Reasons of revelation) greatly facilitates the understanding of its commands. This paper aims to review the Sabab e Nuzul of Surah Bani Israel by examining various Tafaseer (commentaries on the Quran), highlighting the importance of Quranic Sciences among Islamic studies. The scholarly attention to Quranic Sciences, especially in the realm of Tafseer, underscores the profound engagement of Islamic scholars with these disciplines throughout Islamic literary history. This paper further explores the methodologies employed by two prominent Mufassereen (Quranic exegetes) of the fourteenth century Hijra in their Pashto language Tafaseer. It analyzes their approaches to utilizing the science of Asbab Ul Nuzool for interpreting the Quran, in accordance with the principles of Usul e Tafseer (fundamentals of Quranic interpretation) derived from the Quran and Sunnah. By examining these methodologies analytically and comparatively, the study seeks to contribute to the understanding of Quranic interpretation and the broader Islamic scholarly tradition.

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Published

2024-03-25