Socio-Psychological Impacts of Corporal Punishment on Secondary School Children (A study of Secondary School Teachers in District Zhob, Balochistan)

Mamoon Khan, Saima Afzal, Muntazir Mehdi, Muhammad Meesum Hassan, Naveed Farah

Abstract


In the public debate, there is controversy regarding the use of corporal punishment as a way to correct the abuse of a child. This research endeavor was directed to find out the impacts of corporal punishment on students’ socio-psychological development. The researcher focused on finding out the reasons for corporal punishment and approaches to remove factors of corporal punishment for schools because it affects the psychological development of students. The main objectives of this study were to study the opinion of school teachers regarding corporal punishments, to explore the impacts of corporal punishment on school students and to analyze the effects of corporal punishment on the educational development of students. In the present study, the researcher used the quantitative research method to explore the sociological and psychological impacts of corporal punishment on secondary school children. All the teachers of secondary schools in District Zhob were the population of the study. 121 respondents from ten different schools were selected through multistage simple random sampling and data were collected through a questionnaire. It was found that a variety of reasons have brought a decline in the use of punitive acts in schools these include legal, social and educational aspects. Teachers are legally prevented from giving punishments to students while on the other hand awareness level among teachers has increased regarding the ill use of such punishment to bring about improvements among students. The old and traditional teaching methods have evolved due to teaching training courses and most the teachers believe that corporal punishment has many negative effects and impacts on children.

KEY WORDS

Corporal Punishment, Impacts of Corporal Punishment, Socio-Psychological Impacts of Corporal Punishment. Corporal Punishment and Health.

 


Full Text:

PDF

References


REFERENCES

Achenbach, T. M., Howell, C. T., Quay, H. C., Conners, C. K., & Bates, J. E. (1991). National survey of problems and competencies among four-to sixteen-year-olds: Parents' reports for normative and clinical samples. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, i-130

Anderson, S., & Payne, M. A. (1994). Corporal punishment in elementary education: Views of Barbadian schoolchildren. Child abuse & neglect, 18(4), 377-386.

Agbenyega, J. S. (2006). Corporal punishment in the schools of Ghana: Does inclusive education suffer? The Australian Educational Researcher, 33(3), 107-122.

Balagopalan, S., & Subrahmanian, R. (2003). Dalit and Adivasi children in schools: some preliminary research themes and findings. IDS Bulletin, 34(1), 43-54.

Banducci, A. N., Hoffman, E. M., Lejuez, C. W., & Koenen, K. C. (2014). The impact of childhood abuse on inpatient substance users: Specific links with risky sex, aggression, and emotion dysregulation. Child abuse & neglect, 38(5), 928-938.

Bury, M. (1982). Chronic illness as biographical disruption. Sociology of health & illness, 4(2), 167-182

Busienei, A. J. (2012). Alternative methods to corporal punishment and their efficacy. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, 3(2), 155.

Committee on School Health. (2000). Corporal punishment in schools. Pediatrics, 106(2), 343-343.

Dubanoski, R. A., Inaba, M., & Gerkewicz, K. (1983). Corporal punishment in schools: Myths, problems and alternatives. Child abuse & neglect, 7(3), 271-278.

Dubowitz, H. (2014). Child Maltreatment, An Issue of Pediatric Clinics, E-Book (Vol. 61, No. 5). Elsevier Health Sciences.

Flynn, C. P. (1998). To spank or not to spank: The effect of situation and age of child on support for corporal punishment. Journal of Family Violence, 13(1), 21-37.

González, M. R., Trujillo, A., & Pereda, N. (2014). Corporal punishment in rural Colombian families: prevalence, family structure and socio-demographic variables. Child abuse & neglect, 38(5), 909-916

Isele, D. R. (2016). The role of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) in clinical disorders: A new assessment tool and evaluation of links with borderline personality symptoms (Doctoral dissertation).

He, A. S., Traube, D. E., & Young, N. K. (2014). Perceptions of parental substance use disorders in cross-system collaboration among child welfare, alcohol and other drugs, and dependency court organizations. Child abuse & neglect, 38(5), 939-951.

Hecker, T., Hermenau, K., Salmen, C., Teicher, M., & Elbert, T. (2016). Harsh discipline relates to internalizing problems and cognitive functioning: findings from a cross-sectional study with school children in

Tanzania. BMC psychiatry, 16(1), 118.

Holden, G. W., Brown, A. S., Baldwin, A. S., & Caderao, K. C. (2014). Research findings can change attitudes about corporal punishment. Child abuse & neglect, 38(5), 902-908.

Hunt, S. B. (2014). Corporal punishment in schools (Doctoral dissertation).

International NGO Advisory Council for Follow-up to the UN Study on Violence against Children, Covell, K., & Becker, J. (2011). Five years on: a global update on violence against children. NGO Advisory Council.

Irwin, L. M., Skowronski, J. J., Crouch, J. L., Milner, J. S., & Zengel, B. (2014). Reactions to children's transgressions in at-risk caregivers: Does mitigating information, type of transgression, or caregiver directive matter?. Child abuse & neglect, 38(5), 917-927.

Katz, C., Barnetz, Z., & Hershkowitz, I. (2014). The effect of drawing on children's experiences of investigations following alleged child abuse. Child abuse & neglect, 38(5), 858-867.

Kumar, K. (2010). Banning is just the beginning: corporal punishment in schools will prove tenacious. NCPCR Eliminating Corporal Punishment in Schools: A Study. New Delhi: NCPCR (National Commission for Protection of Child Rights).

Larzelere, R. E., & Kuhn, B. R. (2005). Comparing child outcomes of physical punishment and alternative disciplinary tactics: A meta-analysis. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 8(1), 1-37.

Lee, S. J., Grogan-Kaylor, A., & Berger, L. M. (2014). Parental spanking of 1-year-old children and subsequent child protective services involvement. Child Abuse & Neglect, 38(5), 875-883.

LeRoy, M., Mahoney, A., Boxer, P., Gullan, R. L., & Fang, Q. (2014). Parents who hit and scream: Interactive effects of verbal and severe physical aggression on clinic-referred adolescents’ adjustment. Child abuse & neglect, 38(5), 893-901.

Mamatey, A. (2010). South korean efl teachers'perceptions of corporal punishment in school: cultural vs. Educational system factors. Novitas-Royal, 4(2).

Morrell, R. (2001). Corporal punishment and masculinity in South African schools. Men and masculinities, 4(2), 140-157.

Morrow, V., & Singh, R. (2015). Children’s Perceptions of Punishment in Schools in Andhra Pradesh, India. Gender Violence in Poverty Contexts.

Morton, C. M., Simmel, C., & Peterson, N. A. (2014). Neighborhood alcohol outlet density and rates of child abuse and neglect: moderating effects of access to substance abuse services. Child abuse & neglect, 38(5), 952-961.

National Association o school nurses (NASN) (2010) “Corporal punishment in school” URL: HTTP://www.nasn.org/Default.aspx?tabid=214, 24. 08. 2013.

Owen, S. S., & Wagner, K. (2006). Explaining school corporal punishment: Evangelical Protestantism and social capital in a path model. Social Justice Research, 19(4), 471.

Pandey, S. (2001). Corporal punishment in schools. New Front in Educ, 31, 347-354.

Robinson, D. H., Funk, D. C., Beth, A., & Bush, A. M. (2005). Changing beliefs about corporal punishment: Increasing knowledge about ineffectiveness to build more consistent moral and informational beliefs. Journal of Behavioral Education, 14(2), 117-139.

Vilhena-Churchill, N., & Goldstein, A. L. (2014). Child maltreatment and marijuana problems in young adults: Examining the role of motives and emotion dysregulation. Child abuse & neglect, 38(5), 962-972.

Rose, T. L. (1984). Current uses of corporal punishment in American public schools. Journal of Educational Psychology, 76(3), 427.

Scarre, G. (2003). Corporal punishment. Ethical theory and moral practice, 6(3), 295-316.

Straus, M. A. (2010). Prevalence, societal causes, and trends in corporal punishment by parents in world perspective. Law and contemporary problems, 73(2), 1-30.

Wasef, N. H. (2011). Corporal punishment in schools.

Zigler, E. (1979). Controlling child abuse in America: An effort doomed to failure. Critical perspectives on child abuse, 171-213




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21015/vtess.v10i2.1037

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.