Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism involves presenting language, text, thoughts, ideas, or expressions from other authors as one's own original work. This encompasses self-plagiarism, including duplicate or redundant publication, text recycling, and salami slicing. VFAST Transactions on Education and Social Sciences (VTESS) adheres to the guidelines, standards, and policies of COPE and the Higher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan, regarding plagiarism.

VTESS conducts similarity checks using TURNITIN, and reports are communicated to authors. According to the policy, the required threshold is up to 19% overall, with no more than 4% from a single source.