Comparison of Current Trends in Early Childhood Education in Public and Private Sector Schools of Azad Jammu & Kashmir

Nadia Nazir, Dr. Mahek Arshad, Zafar Iqbal Yousuf Zai


The importance of early childhood education is undeniable as it is the foundation stone for all the upcoming levels of education. Various trends of early childhood education (hereafter ECE) have emerged in new era. The relevant data were collected from primary school teachers of both public and private sector schools of district Sudhnuti in AJ & K were taken as population. The Self-constructed questionnaire was comprised of 32 items used for data collection. In this questionnaire, the implementation of current trends of ECE was observed across public and private sector schools of AJ&K. The t-test was applied to make a comparison of the implementation of the current trend.. A stratified random sampling technique was used to collect data from 291 public sector school primary teachers. After analyzing the results, it was found that there was a significant difference in both public and private sector schools regarding current trends of ECE. The findings of the study show all over comparison mean of trends in ECE in public sector schools. The findings revealed that the private sector school teachers implement more current ECE trends in their classrooms than the public sector school teachers. The private sector school teachers have a more encouraging environment as compared to the public sector school teachers. Public and private sector schools may offer good quality ECE programs for the ECE teachers. Keeping the results of the study in mind it can safely be said that all stakeholders must take more initiatives to improve the standards of early childhood education. Educational institutions can conduct workshops for the pre-service and in-service ECE teachers. Government should allocate more funds to provide more facilities to ECE teachers so that they may achieve the high standards in ECE. .

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