Marginalization of Kashmiri Muslims in Arundhati Roy’s The Ministry of Utmost Happiness

Muhammad Zeeshan Khan, Dr. Waheed Ahmad Khan, Faisal Sajjad


Subjugation and oppression are two dominant factors which have victimized the locals in Kashmir under control of the Indian army. The current paper addresses the dilemma of the Kashmiris as depicted in Arundhati Roy’s The Ministry of Utmost Happiness in the light of Frantz Fanon’s (1961) concept of neocolonialism. The paper addresses the issue of Kashmiris using qualitative data. After textual analysis under the lens of neocolonialism it concludes that the residents in Kashmir are mistreated and tortured in Kashmir by the Indian forces. The findings of the paper are myriads as killing the inhabitants of Kashmir, arresting them, threatening them, torturing them in the torture cells and pushing them into the unending war through strategic military planning. The natives in Kashmir are engaged in the ongoing war through the production of militants and weapons and using different techniques of violence. The tactics of violence include selling weapons on the militants and training them to continue the war. The Indian forces use different strategies of propagating war and terror. The locals are killed inside the interrogation centers which is misnomer for torture cells. The Indian soldiers control the Kashmiris applying the method of neocolonialism.

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