The Effects of Stereotyping on Students’ Classroom Participation: A Case of Khyber Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Dr. Farooq Nawaz Khan, Burhan U Din, Maryum Imad


Stereotyping is presumed idea about things and people that may not be true or either partly true was explored in the current research in the context of school and teaching and learning. Moreover, its effects were explored on students in relation with their classroom participation using phenomenological qualitative case study. Three students, victims of stereotyping were identified in three different schools in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Students were identified with the help of teachers.These students were interviewed using semi structured interviews as to understand the causes and effects of stereotyping on students’ academic achievements and classroom participation. Students’ have been pseudo named so as to hide their identity. During the data analysis the themes that surfaced revealed that stereotyping has deep social and psychological effects on students which in turn have even deeper effects on their classroom participation and personality development.The causes and different reasons of stereotyping include faulty parenting and teachers’ and students lack of awareness about the effects of stereotyping.

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