Inclusion of Pashto in ‘O’Level Cambridge Education


  • Jamshaid Iqbal
  • Amir Zaman Director Human Resource Development Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan
  • Abdul Ghafar



The purpose of this study is to present the argument of  including Pashto Language in ‘O’ Level Cambridge University International Examinations System (CIE.)Major objectives of the study were to highlight the significance  of imparting  education  to the students in their  mother tongue and using mother language as medium of instructions in school. It was also to describe the conspicuous features of ‘O’ Level (CIE) education and the importance of language in this internationally recognized education system. The argument for the inclusion of Pashto was  delimited to  General Certificate of Education (GCSE) and International General Certificate of Education (IGCSE) ‘O’ Level (CIE) and was particularly restricted to the University of Cambridge International Examinations System (CIE). This study recommended that Pashto language should be included in GCE and IGCE ‘O’ Level CIE in the optional modern regional languages for Pashto speaking students across the globe. Due to its international importance,it was also recommended that Pashto language has the potential to be included and taught as modern regional language in CIE.




How to Cite

Iqbal, J., Zaman, A., & Ghafar, A. (2013). Inclusion of Pashto in ‘O’Level Cambridge Education. VFAST Transactions on Education and Social Sciences, 1(1), 35–38.