ARTICLE 25TH A: IMPLICATIONS OF FREE AND COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION

Tahira Bibi

Abstract


The constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan 1973, after 18th amendment, under Article 25(A) provides free and compulsory secondary education as fundamental right for Pakistanis and responsibility of the state. On April 19th, 2010 the president of Pakistan signed this document. The government of Pakistan has therefore made constitutional efforts to synthesize the importance and need of free and compulsory secondary education. The implementation of this provision is on the part of provincial government after 18th amendment. The main objectives of this study were: 1. to understand the constitutional provisions about right to education as fundamental right and actual situation of schools for its implications. 2. to make recommendations to the government of the Punjab for the effective implication of article 25th A. The research was descriptive in its nature. The data was collected by using Survey method, from the 20 District education officers (EDOs) who were randomly selected from 36 districts of the Punjab. The tool for collection of data was self developed questionnaire on three-point scale. Major finding was: Lack of basic infrastructure, shortage of teacher, less physical and material facilities, burden on parents in the form of allied expensive for study, transportation expenditures, opportunity cost in case of earning hand of family are the major issues needed to be addressed on emergencies bases for implication of free and compulsory secondary education. The study recommended that local community and non-government organizations may be involved to make education for all at secondary level.

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21015/vtess.v6i1.201

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.