A Comparative Study on the Role of Private and Public Sector for Promotion of Quality Education at Elementary Level

Dr. Saira, Nishat Zafar, Dr.Afsheen Salahuddin


Education is a must and integral for grooming of individual’s personality. There are diverse types of institutions working e.g. private and public institutions, technical institutions and madrasas. There are three main pillars in these institutes i.e. teachers, students, and curriculum. In this age, private schools are preferred by parents. The main objective of this research paper is to conduct a comparative evaluation of the role of the private and public sectors in promoting excellent education in Punjab, Pakistan, especially Faisalabad Primary Schools. In order to obtain the raw data, the researchers selected 200 teachers from 20 public schools and 20 private schools using an appropriate selection process. Through the test of two groups of students, the researchers assessed the education level, teaching methods and curriculum quality of teachers in public and private schools. Compared with private schools, the researchers found that public schools have complete infrastructure, strong teachers, spacious school buildings, and long-term qualified professors. Therefore, compared with the commercial sector, the public sector has played a role in improving the quality of primary schools. It was found that Public schools lacking with trained teaching staff, well equipped classrooms and good policy and administration. While the other hand private schools deficient of well-educated staff, good infrastructure and self-motivation. It was recommended that the Government needs to realize this situation and to equalize the standards of public and private sector to achieve vigorous qualityeducation at this level.



Full Text:



Alderman, Harold, Peter F. Orazem, and Elizabeth M. Paterno (2001), “School Quality, School Cost and the Public/Private School Choices of Low Income Households in Pakistan.” Journal of Human Resources 36(2): 304 – 326.

Altbach, P. G., & Knight, J. (2007). The internationalization of higher education: Motivations and realities. Journal of studies in international education, 11(3-4), 290-305.

Almani Abdul Sattar, Soomro Badaruddin and Abro Allah Dino (2012), “Evaluative Study of Private Schools of Pakistan: A Survey of Sindh”, Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences, 6(2): 91 – 98.

Andrabi, T., Das, J., & Khwaja, A. I. (2008). A dime a day: The possibilities and limits of private schooling in Pakistan. Comparative Education Review, 52(3), 329-355.

Awan,A..G. (2014) “Brazil’s Innovative Anti-Poverty and Inequality Model,” American Journal of Trade and Policy Vol1 No.3 p7-12.

Bano, M. (2008). Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) as ‘anchor’of educational reforms: lessons from Pakistan. Background paper prepared for the Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2009.

Jimenez, Emmanuel, and Jee-Pang Tan (1987), “Decentralized and Private Education: The Case of Pakistan.” Comparative Education 23(2): 173-190.

Khan, T. A. (2000). Economy, society and the state in Pakistan. Contemporary South Asia, 9(2), 181-195.

Lippman, P. C. (2010). Evidence-based design of elementary and secondary schools: A responsive approach to creatinglearning environments. John Wiley & Sons.

Niazi Hamid Khan and Mace John (2006), “The Contribution of the Private Sector to Higher Education in Pakist an with Particular Reference to Efficiency and Equity”, Bulletin of Education & Research, December 200 6, Vol. 28(2), pp. 17 – 42.

Qaisrani, N., Mughal, S. H., Solangi, G. M., Faiz, S., & Soomro, A. Q. (2011). Understanding Role of Private Sector in the Development of School Education in Pakistan. International Journal of Learning and Development, 1(2), 38-45.

Robinson, K. H., Smith, E., & Davies, C. (2017). Responsibilities, tensions and ways forward: Parents’ perspectives on children’s sexuality education. Sex Education, 17(3), 333-347

Roness, P. G. (2017). Types of state organizations: Arguments, doctrines and changes beyond new public management. In transcending new public management (pp. 77-100). Routledge.

Sabil, F., M., Feroze, N., & Tong Kai, Y. (2017). Public Vs Private Quality Education at Primary Level inPAKISTAN. International Online Journal of Primary Education (IOJPE) ISSN: 1300-915X, 6(2).

Taylor, A. (2009). Linking architecture and education: Sustainable design for learning environments. UNM Press.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21015/vtess.v10i2.1045


  • There are currently no refbacks.