Analyzing the Implementation of the Special Education Program for Students with Hearing Impairment at Primary School Level in Punjab

Asma Kanwal, Rukhsana Bashir, Aasma Zaheer, Komal Shahzadi


The purpose of the study was to analyze the implementation of the special education program for students with hearing impairment (SWHI) at primary school level in Punjab. The nature of the research was descriptive. Teachers of SWHI working at special education primary schools were selected as population. Multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select the sample which was comprised of 209 teachers of SWHI (M=43 & F=166). Data was collected by survey method through self-developed and validated questionnaire having reliability of α= 0.92. Independent sample t-test and one-way ANOVA were run to draw the results of the study. Findings of the study indicated that there are very few constructive activities are being practiced such as daily lesson planning, assigning homework, taking weekly & monthly test, activity based instructions, formative assessment, providing immediate feedback on performance. But many contributing practices were found to be employed in a passive manner like knowledgeable classroom management and instructional strategies, training to deal assistive technological devices, parent-teacher collaboration, teachers’ education program, and use of audio-visual aids. Workload, extra duties, lack of technological resources, use of local sign language, neglected teacher-professional collaboration, higher student-teacher ratio, dealing more than one class at same time were the flaws affecting the quality of process of primary special education program in Punjab. It was recommended that the role of related stakeholders such as government, head teachers, teachers, non-teaching staff, parents and community should be reaffirmed in true sense.

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