Stylistic Analysis of The Stray Dog by Sadegh Hedayat


  • Sana Saddiqi BS Student, Department of Linguistics & Literature, Qurtuba University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar (D. I. Khan Campus), KP, Pakistan
  • Dr. Muhammad Ajmal Associate Professor of English, Department of Linguistics & Literature, Qurtuba University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar (D.I. Khan Campus)
  • Dr. Ambreen Shahnaz Lecturer, COMSATS University Islamabad, Wah Campus



Stylistic analysis is the method to check and observe how the language works in a literary text. This study is based on stylistic analysis of Sadegh Hedayat’s short story The Stray Dog. It aims to analyze this story from stylistic point of view to find out the use of language and different stylistic and rhetorical devices from the text. It also aims to find the meaning that these stylistic devices convey to support the themes of the text. Sadegh Hedayat’s fiction is very unique and it can easily get the attention of readers due to the versatile writing style of the writer and use of innovative features of language in sort fiction. So, this is an important methodology to learn and understand the figurative use of language in the text and what linguistic conventions are used by the author to give meaning to the story that not only convey the meaning but also support the themes and give background information. It concludes with the analysis of all these stylistic and rhetorical devices such as simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, imagery etc.


Amir, S. (2018). Stylistic analysis of the short story The Tell Tale Heart by Edgar Allan Poe. Angloamericanae Journal Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 18-28

Almahameed. Y. S., (2020). A stylistic analysis of the short story “The Little Match Girl. Yazan Shaker Almahameeda. Volume 14, Issue 12

Baharlooyan, S., & Esmaeili, F., (2000). Sadegh Hedayat Letter of Recognition. Tehran: Ghatreh publication

Carter, Ronald. (2010). Mathedologies for Stylistic Analysis: practices and pedagogies. teach-grammar .com /wp-content /uploads/2012 /07/2010 +-Grammar-and-Stylistics. pdf.

Chaharmahali, M., and Sharifi Valandani, Gh. (2014). The reflection of myth in the Stray Dog of Hedayat. Literature and Language. 36: 233-255.

Haynes, J. (1989). Introducing stylistics, Unwin Hyman.

Katouzian, M. H., (1993). Sadegh Hedayat from the myth to reality. Firouzeh Mohajer, Tehran: Tarhe Now

Katouzian, M. H., (2003). “Stray Dog” is guided. “Iranology (p. 57: 74-84).

Katouzian, M. H., (Ed.). (2007). Sadeq Hedayat: his work and his wondrous world. Routledge.

Khoshhal, Y., (2020). Translation strategies of idiomatic expressions from Persian into English. A case study – Sadegh Hedayat’s “The Stray Dog.

Lawal, R. A. (2004). Meaning without mean-ness, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria

Leech, G. N. (2014). A linguistic guide to English poetry, Routledge.

Roozbeh. R., (2017). Metaphor and its existential origins in The Stray Dog. Firouzeh Mohajer, Tehran: Tarhe Now

Sedaqat Rostami. M. (2012). Stray Dog/ white teeth Did Sadeq Hedayat write the stray dog under the influence of Jack London’s white tooth? “Goldstan, Sh. 19: 87-90

Zeiny, E., Pillai. S., MM. Rihana., and Mehmoodi, K., (2011); The resonance of Postcolonialism in Hedayat’s Stray Dog. Firouzeh Mohajer, Tehran: Tarhe Now

Verdonk, P. (2002). Stylistics.Oxford University Press.

Wales. K.(2011). A Dictionary of stylistics.3rd Edition.Routledge.

Widdowson, H. G. (1975). Stylistics and the Teaching of Literature. London: Longman.